The procedure to describes how to create Ubuntu image with SD Card on LEC-PX30 with Industrial Pi-SMARC. The version of Ubuntu used is 18.04.3 LTS.
To setup the build environment for Ubuntu image creation, a Linux host with the following configuration is recommended. A host machine with adequate processing power and disk space is ideal as the packages can run several GBs in size and the build can take a lot of time.
- Intel Core-i7 processor (>= 4 cores)
- 8 GB RAM
- 1 TB disk space
- High speed network connectivity
- OS: Ubuntu 16.04 LTS/Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Update apt repositories list on your host machine.
sudo apt update
Install kernel and u-boot dependencies.
sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential zip curl zlib1g-dev gcc-multilib g++-multilib
Install buildroot dependencies.
$ sudo apt-get install libfile-which-perl sed make binutils gcc g++ bash patch gzip bzip2 perl tar cpio python unzip
The procedure is to replace buildroot rootfs image with Ubuntu’s one.
Step 1: Preparing Ubuntu Root File System: create Ubuntu root file system Image
Step 2: Generating Buildroot Image: generate Buildroot SD Card Image
Step 3: Flashing buildroot image to SD Card: flash Buildroot SD card image to the prepared SD card by using SD Firmware Tool
Step 4: Replacing Buildroot Rootfs with Ubuntu’s one: replace the buidroot rootfs image with Ubuntu’s one on BuildRoot SD Card image
Install QEMU on the development host PC with Ubuntu OS
$ sudo apt-get install qemu-user-static
Download go to http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-base/releases/18.04/release/ and choose this one:
Create a temporary folder and extract downloaded tarball into the folder.
$ mkdir $HOME/temp
Extract the file to temp folder
$ sudo tar -xpf ubuntu-base-18.04.2-base-arm64.tar.gz -C $HOME/temp
Get your network ready:
$ sudo cp -b /etc/resolv.conf $HOME/temp/etc/resolv.conf
$ sudo cp /usr/bin/qemu-aarch64-static $HOME/temp/usr/bin/
$ sudo chroot $HOME/temp
Update and upgrade:
$ apt update
$ apt upgrade
Install the required tools or utilities. While installing the tools/utilities, you will be prompted through GUI menu to make certain selections such as those for date/time/region. Please make the appropriate selections and proceed.
$ apt install vim git sudo net-tools ifupdown kmod iputils-ping man wget bash completion alsa-utils apt-utils
usbutils locales i2c-tools netplan.io vnc4server lm sensors usbmount build-essential mesa-utils cmake can-utils sox
v4l-utils glmark2 xubuntu-desktop
Add user name (here is the example how to add it. You can enter what you want)
$ useradd -s '/bin/bash' -m -G adm,sudo adlink
Set user’s password (here is the example how to add it. You can enter what you want)
$ passwd adlink123
Set the root user’s password (here is the example how to add it. You can enter what you want)
$ passwd root
Add host name to
/etc/hostname(here is the example how to add it. You can enter what you want)
$ echo ‘adlink’ > /etc/hostname
Add host entry in
$ sudo vim /etc/hosts
Add the following configuration:
After all the work is done, exit the chroot environment.
Create a directory to copy the Ethernet and CAN kernel modules
$ sudo mkdir $HOME/temp/home/adlink/rockchip_test
Please click here to download and copy smsc9500.ko, smscusbnet.ko and mcp25xxfd.ko kernel modules into rockchip_test folder from host PC.
$ sudo cp <your_path>/*.ko $HOME/temp/home/adlink/rockchip_test/
Use Netplan to enables easily configuring networking on system. Please create a
01-network-manager-all.yamlfile under /etc/netplan
$ sudo vim $HOME/temp/etc/netplan/01-network-manager-all.yaml
Add the following content, then save it.
# Let NetworkManager manage all devices on this system
Note: Netplan enables easily configuring networking on a system via YAML files. Netplan processes the YAML and generates the required configurations for either NetworkManager or systemd-network the system’s renderer.
Please click here to download asound.state file and copy to
$ sudo cp asound.state $HOME/temp/var/lib/alsa/
Please click here to download and copy Load.sh file to the
Note: it is shell script to insert modules on every reboot
$ sudo cp Load.sh $HOME/temp/home/adlink/rockchip_test/Load.sh
Give execute permissions to script
$ sudo chmod +x $HOME/temp/home/adlink/rockchip_test/Load.sh
Please click here to download and copy rc.local to
$ sudo cp rc.local $HOME/temp/etc/
Give executable permissions.
$ sudo chmod +x $HOME/temp/etc/rc.local
adlink-mraa-master.tarfile from here and extract and copy the binaries, applications and libraries to respective folders:
$ mkdir $HOME/mraa
$ tar -xvf adlink-mraa-master.tar -C $HOME/mraa/
$ sudo cp -r $HOME/mraa/usr/bin/* $HOME/temp/usr/bin/
$ sudo cp -r $HOME/mraa/usr/include/* $HOME/temp/usr/include/
$ sudo cp -r $HOME/mraa/usr/lib/libmraa.so* $HOME/temp/usr/lib/
$ sudo cp -r $HOME/mraa/usr/lib/pkgconfig/mraa.pc $HOME/temp/usr/lib/pkgconfig/
$ sudo cp -r $HOME/mraa/usr/share/* $HOME/temp/usr/share/
Execute the commands below to make the rootfs.img. Notice that you need change the “count” value according to the size of the “temp” folder.
Below command will create new rootfs.img file of size 7.4 GB (6.9 GB)
$ dd if=/dev/zero of=rootfs.img bs=1M count=7065 status=progress && sync $ sudo mkfs.ext4 rootfs.img $ mkdir rootfs $ sudo mount rootfs.img rootfs/ $ sudo cp -rfp $HOME/temp/* rootfs/ $ sudo umount rootfs/ $ e2fsck -p -f rootfs.img
The final root files system rootfs.img is ready.
Download LEC-PX30 Buildroot SDK and extract it.
iPIsmarc-es2 branch and root for Creating Custom Images for SD Card Creating Custom Images for SD Card Building. Use
git branch command under px30_buildroot/kernel to check the branch version.
Change directory to px30_buildroot.
Run build script.
After you run “./build.sh”, a menuconfig screen will appear as shown below. Select “Exit” as shown below.
The image will be generated as “update.img” under rockdev folder and will be used in SD Card.
Flash image (generated in Step2) to the prepared SD card by using SD Firmware Tool (this tool is executed on Windows environment)
Note: Before going to flash image to SD card, format it. The size should be at least 8 Gb.
- Download the SD Firmware Tool from SD Firmware Tool Download Link
- Use SD Firmware Tool to prepare a bootable SD card.
- Run SD Firmware Tool as a administrator.
- Select “Removable Disk” as SD card. Choose “Function Mode” as SD boot. Load the SD card image as “Firmware” as shown below.
Select “Create” to prepare SD card.
It will prompt user that data will be lost. Select “Yes” to continue.
After finish step 3, get your SD card to connect to the development Linux Host PC .
Unmount the mounted partitions
$ sudo umount /dev/sdc*
Note: In our case, `/dev/sdc is SD card device name
Run GParted by using command line
$ sudo gparted
Note: GParted is a free partition editor for graphically managing your disk partitions. Please check this link.
Select SD card as highlighted in above corner in below picture
- Select partition 9 and give right click, then select delete
Save the changes and select apply
After changes are applied, select close.
Select the root fs partition and select resize option above. Partition 8 (/dev/sdc8) is the rootfs partition in below picture.
Increase the size and select Resize/Move option
Save the changes and select apply
Close the GParted and eject SD card. Also connect your SD Card to the development Linux Host PC.
Run lsblk command to get the path for mounted rootfs partition
Remove the existing contents as this file system is the default build root file system.
$ sudo rm -rf <mount_path>/*
For example, the required partition is sdc8 here with path /media/nhcpc20011/ac09cb0f-0d9b-4441-902c-bf48b1f10127/
Create a temporary directory and mount the rootfs.img, which is prepared at Step 1: Preparing Ubuntu Root File System
$ mkdir $HOME/sd_temp
$ sudo mount rootfs.img $HOME/sd_temp
Run the following commands to copy the contents of the ubuntu rootfs.img to the SD card.
$ sudo cp -rfp $HOME/sd_temp/* <mount_path>/
$ sudo umount $HOME/sd_temp
Eject the SD card. You can directly insert SD card and power on the system to boot using the SD card.
#### Note: The first boot may take over 5 minutes for the desktop screen to appear.